A spokesman for the Russian president, Dmitry Peskov, said that there cannot be any automatic transfer of the Kuril Islands to Japan. He explained that Vladimir Putin and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe took the 1956 Soviet-Japanese declaration as the basis for negotiations on this issue.
“Can we say that this means automatic transfer of some territories?” Absolutely not. Despite the complexity of the peace treaty theme, this issue can be resolved. Such complex topics are still solvable, and this, for example, has been shown by the experience of negotiations on territorial issues with China, ”said Peskov on“ Russia 1 ”.
Earlier, News.ru wrote that Shinzo Abe promised Vladimir Putin during the negotiations in Singapore not to deploy US military bases in the South Kuriles in the event that part of the islands were transferred to the Japanese side. In turn, the Russian leader said that Moscow is ready to work with Tokyo on solving controversial issues.
Japan believes that it owns at least four of the Kuril Islands: Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan and Habomai. In Tokyo, refer to the Treatise on Trade and the Borders of 1855. Moscow insists that the Southern Kuriles became part of the USSR following the Second World War. According to the Soviet-Japanese Declaration of 1956. The USSR agreed to transfer the island of Shikotan and the Habomai ridge to the Japanese side, but only after the conclusion of a peace treaty between Moscow and Tokyo. The peace treaty has not yet been concluded.
February, 1945 Washington, March 24 - The text of the agreements reached at the Crimea (Yalta) Conference between President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Generalissimo Stalin, as released by the State Department today, follows:
PROTOCOL OF PROCEEDINGS OF CRIMEA CONFERENCE The Crimea Conference of the heads of the Governments of the United States of America, the United Kingdom, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which took place from Feb. 4 to 11, came to the following conclusions:
AGREEMENT REGARDING JAPAN
The leaders of the three great powers - the Soviet Union, the United States of America and Great Britain - have agreed that in two or three months after Germany has surrendered and the war in Europe is terminated, the Soviet Union shall enter into war against Japan on the side of the Allies on condition that:
1. The status quo in Outer Mongolia (the Mongolian People's Republic) shall be preserved. 2. The former rights of Russia violated by the treacherous attack of Japan in 1904 shall be restored, viz.: (a) The southern part of Sakhalin as well as the islands adjacent to it shall be returned to the Soviet Union; (b) The commercial port of Dairen shall be internationalized, the pre-eminent interests of the Soviet Union in this port being safeguarded, and the lease of Port Arthur as a naval base of the U.S.S.R. restored; (c) The Chinese-Eastern Railroad and the South Manchurian Railroad, which provide an outlet to Dairen, shall be jointly operated by the establishment of a joint Soviet-Chinese company, it being understood that the pre-eminent interests of the Soviet Union shall be safeguarded and that China shall retain sovereignty in Manchuria; 3. The Kurile Islands shall be handed over to the Soviet Union. It is understood that the agreement concerning Outer Mongolia and the ports and railroads referred to above will require concurrence of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. The President will take measures in order to maintain this concurrence on advice from Marshal Stalin.
The heads of the three great powers have agreed that these claims of the Soviet Union shall be unquestionably fulfilled after Japan has been defeated.
For its part, the Soviet Union expresses it readiness to conclude with the National Government of China a pact of friendship and alliance between the U.S.S.R. and China in order to render assistance to China with its armed forces for the purpose of liberating China from the Japanese yoke.
Joseph Stalin Franklin D. Roosevelt Winston S. Churchill
A crowd gathered in Moscow on Sunday to defend Russia's ownership of a chain of islands captured by Soviet troops from Japan during the final days of World War II.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, due to meet Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow on Tuesday, is pushing for a treaty for the islands, known as the Southern Kurils in Russia and the Northern Territories in Japan. Russia said on Monday that its sovereignty over them was not up for discussion.
Seven people were detained for participating in an unsanctioned demonstration against handing the Kuril Islands over to Japan, outside the Japanese embassy in Moscow on Tuesday.
The rally, organised by the Left Front movement, took place at the same time that Russian President Vladimir Putin and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe held talks on the sovereignty of the islands.
"Any mention of handing over the Kuriles ... is nothing other than an act of treason," Igor Skurlatov, a speaker at the rally, said. "Today we give away the Kuriles, tomorrow we will give away Crimea."
Organizers said around 2,000 people attended. The city's security department put the number at 500, Interfax reported.
“It's not entirely clear what Kono means. Until now, the term “military compensation” has not sounded from Japan. And here there can be a very wide, I would even say, endless field for interpretations and guesses, ”said Valery Kistanov to VIEW VIEW, commenting on the words of Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono about military compensation for peace with Russia.
“Perhaps, it means that Japan is counting on all four islands, and we have armed forces on the islands of Kunashir and Iturup. And if Japan receives these islands, it will compensate our military expenses for the redeployment of the Russian military to the mainland,” Valery Kistanov, head of the Japan Research Center at the Institute of the Far East of the Russian Academy of Sciences, told VZGLYAD.
“But here there is a parallel with our inglorious flight from Europe, when Soviet troops were withdrawn just into the field without building barracks, infrastructure and housing. This is the first option,” he added.
“The second option is that in the event of the“ return ”of the islands, Japan will propose to conclude an additional agreement, according to which both parties mutually waive any claims. What is meant here is that Tokyo can bill us for the losses suffered by the local Japanese people during the period, as they say, “occupation”. They lost their land, property, real estate and other losses there. Such hints have already been made by the Japanese side through leaks to the media. At the same time, according to Abe, they are supposedly ready to take into account the interests of Russians living in the Kuril Islands, and Tokyo intends to compensate for their move to the mainland. But this is perceived very negatively by Moscow,” Kistanov explained.
“It's not entirely clear what Kono means. Until now, the term “military compensation” has not been heard from Japan. And here there can be a very wide, I would even say, endless field for interpretations and guesses,” Kistanov said.
As the VIEW newspaper reported on Tuesday , Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono said that "the conclusion of a peace treaty includes ending the state of war, solving a territorial problem, as well as problems related to military compensation." At the same time, the head of the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs did not specify what kind of compensation it is.
In early January, the Japanese edition of Yomiuri reported that Tokyo intends to offer Moscow to abandon the mutual claims of any compensation related to the South Kuril Islands.
According to his sources, the relevant document can be signed simultaneously with the peace treaty between the two countries. The supplementary agreement is expected to help finalize the post-war processes and strengthen bilateral relations.
The clause on refusal of mutual claims was also included in the 1956 Joint Soviet-Japanese Declaration. Until now, the Japanese government held the position that after the end of the war, the South Kuril Islands "are under occupation", and therefore Tokyo allegedly retained the right to demand compensation from Moscow.