The Yamnaya steppe herders from Russia Apr 3, 2017 20:10:19 GMT
Post by Admin on Apr 3, 2017 20:10:19 GMT
The Eurasian steppes extend over more than 8000 km from Ukraine to Mongolia. This immense territory can be divided into several zones according to climate and vegetation. Indeed, there is a gradient of increasingly arid lands between the north and the south that separates the wooded steppe, the grassy steppe and the semi-desert steppe. Only the mountain massif of the Altai forms a geological barrier high of more than 4000 meters but which nevertheless remains crossable in many places. It spans over 2000 km between Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Xinjiang in northwestern China.
Modern man has been present in the Altai region for over 40,000 years. In the Bronze Age, the cultural sequence began in the middle of the 4th millennium BC. JC, with the appearance of the culture of Afanasievo. Archaeological and anthropological studies have suggested a link between this culture and the Yamnaya culture of the steppes of Eastern Europe. The culture of Afanasievo is preceded by a very little documented culture: the Bol'shemysskaya culture. In the Minusinsk basin, the Okunevo culture follows the Afanasievo culture. Although similar to the Afanasievo culture, anthropological studies indicate that the population is more Mongoloid than its predecessor. This crop coexisted with the Ekunino crops in the foothills of Altai and Chemurchek in northwestern Mongolia. These crops were then replaced by the culture of Andronovo, then by the cultures of Karasuk , Munkh Khairkan and Sagsai at the end of the Bronze Age.
During this period, the domestication of the horse as well as the use of the tanks, allowing to be more mobile, will participate in the development and the diffusion of these cultures along the Eurasian steppes.
Clémence Hollard published his thesis in 2014: Population of the south of Siberia and Altai in the Bronze Age: contribution of the paleogenetic. She analyzed the DNA of 69 samples from different Bronze Age sites in the Altai region: