Rurik the Rus': Y-DNA Haplogroup N1c1 Feb 13, 2019 20:36:29 GMT
Post by Admin on Feb 13, 2019 20:36:29 GMT
Russia has deep Finno-Ugric roots. Rurik, a Varangian chieftain of the Rus', is the founder of the Rurik Dynasty and its successor states, including the Grand Duchy of Moscow and the Tsardom of Russia. The Rurik clan also had Finnic ancestry with Finno-Ugric hg N1c (N-Y10931: 1,750 ybp) and its date of origin largely coincides with the emergence of the Varangians in Western Russia. The Varangian prince Rurik established himself in Novgorod around the year AD 862 and he was originally from today's Finland. In a way, it was a Finnish conquest of the Slavic land.
Typically Finno-Ugric N1c are all branches which are either L1026* or descended from L1026; while typically Baltic N1c is only M2783 (young and descended from typically Ugro-Finnic L1026) and Rurikid N1c is Y4338, which is also young, and also descended from L1026. It appears that he had originated from Finno-Ugrians.
The Y4338 subclade is named "Para-Rurik" (Russian: парарюрикидов), which was originally formed 2,900 years ago in Finland. The Rurik clan belonged to N-Y10931 (1,750 ybp) and its date of origin largely coincides with the emergence of the Varangians in Western Russia and its descendant subclades such as N-VL11 and N-VL12 (900 ybp) are only found in Russia.
The Varangians had been roaming around the areas north of the Black Sea, engaging in piracy and mercenary activities, long before Rurik's supposed arrival to the Slavic heartland. The Slavs and the Varangian Rus' admixed for many centuries and the Varangians may have gone native in region by the time when the Rurik dynasty was established.
The Ukrainian language traces its origins to the Old East Slavic language of the medieval state of Kievan Rus'. Ukrainian, along with all other East Slavic languages, is a descendant of the colloquial language used in Kievan Rus' (10th–13th century). Ukraine was a regional part of the state of Kievan Rus' and the first distinctly "Ukrainian" state (Halych-Volhynia: 1199–1349) was the cultural successor to Kievan Rus, which was founded after the disintegration of Kievan Rus'.
After the death of Yaroslav the Wise in 1054, a protracted battle for the succession embroiled and, ultimately, partitioned Kievan Rus. Vseslav the Sorcerer, the pagan prince of Polotsk, seized and burned Novgorod and, after Yaroslav’s three sons were defeated in battle by the Turkic Cumans in 1068, he seized Kiev itself, briefly claiming kingship of Rus. Kievan Rus would again achieve some semblance of unity under Vladimir II Monomakh (1113–25) and his son, Mstislav the Great (1125–32) but, by then, other factors were precipitating its decline. The establishment of the crusader kingdom of Jerusalem had opened alternative trade routes to those afforded by Rus; this was accentuated by Constantinople’s decline following its sacking by crusaders in 1204. The growing Cuman Empire, based around the Black Sea, impeded the trade of Rus itself, while Volga Bulgaria controlled the route to the Caspian.
The tributaries of the Varangians drove them back beyond the sea and, refusing them further tribute, set out to govern themselves. There was no law among them, but tribe rose against tribe. Discord thus ensued among them, and they began to war one against the other. They said to themselves, "Let us seek a prince who may rule over us, and judge us according to the Law". They accordingly went overseas to the Varangian Russes: these particular Varangians were known as Russes, just as some are called Swedes, and others Normans, English, and Gotlanders, for they were thus named. The Chuds, the Slavs, the Krivichians and the Ves' then said to the people of Rus', "Our land is great and rich, but there is no order in it. Come to rule and reign over us". Thus they selected three brothers, with their kinsfolk, who took with them all the Russes and migrated. The oldest, Rurik, located himself in Novgorod; the second, Sineus, at Beloozero; and the third, Truvor, in Izborsk. On account of these Varangians, the district of Novgorod became known as the land of Rus' (The Russian Primary Chronicle pp. 59-60.)